Last updated January 2024

What are the common signs of ageing that people want to treat?

Expression wrinkles

Expression wrinkles, also known as dynamic wrinkles, are lines and creases that develop on the skin as a result of repeated facial expressions. These wrinkles often become more noticeable over time due to the natural ageing process and the gradual loss of skin elasticity.

Expression wrinkles tend to appear in common areas, including around the mouth, commonly known as smile lines or laugh lines, between the eyebrows (often referred to as frown lines), and around the eyes, often called crow’s feet. These areas are particularly prone to wrinkles because they are where the muscles contract most frequently during facial expressions such as smiling, laughing, frowning, or squinting.

The repetitive movement of facial muscles, combined with a decrease in collagen and elastin production in the skin, contributes to the formation of expression wrinkles. Over time, these wrinkles may become more pronounced and visible even when the face is at rest.

Medical consultations are available to discuss non-surgical wrinkle treatments for treating expression wrinkles.

Compression wrinkles

Compression wrinkles are creases that form on the skin due to prolonged pressure or compression, often occurring during sleep. While compression wrinkles are typically temporary and may fade throughout the day, they can become more pronounced over time, especially with repeated pressure.

Fortunately, non-surgical wrinkle treatments are available to address wrinkles formed through repeated compression to improve their appearance. These treatments may include topical skincare products containing ingredients that promote collagen production and skin hydration and minimally invasive procedures such as laser or microneedling. By stimulating collagen production and promoting skin rejuvenation, these treatments can help diminish the appearance of compression wrinkles.

Atrophic Wrinkles

Atrophic wrinkles are delicate lines that typically run parallel to one another and can be observed on both the face and various parts of the body. These wrinkles develop as a result of several factors, primarily the natural aging process and prolonged exposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays.

One of the primary contributors to the formation of atrophic wrinkles is the gradual loss of collagen and elastin fibres in the skin. Collagen and elastin are essential proteins that maintain the skin’s structure, elasticity, and firmness. As we age, the production of these proteins slows down, leading to a reduction in skin thickness and resilience. Additionally, overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun accelerates this process, causing further damage to collagen and elastin fibres and exacerbating the formation of wrinkles.

Furthermore, the ageing process also involves the depletion of subcutaneous fat and bone structure changes, contributing to volume loss in the face and skin. This volume loss can accentuate the appearance of wrinkles and creases, making them more noticeable.

Various non-surgical treatment options are available for addressing atrophic wrinkles and rejuvenating the skin’s appearance. Energy-based devices such as Infini and topical skin care, especially retinoids, are also suggested to assist in collagen production in many cases.

What causes facial wrinkles?

Facial wrinkles are caused by a number of factors;

  • Sun damage – Chronic UV exposure is the most common cause of premature skin wrinkling. Besides being the cause of skin cancers and skin pigmentation, UV radiation causes premature ageing by thinning the epidermis (the top layer of skin) as well as causing the breakdown of collagen. A good sunscreen is imperative in the prevention of premature ageing.
  • Expression lines – These are wrinkles that are caused by the contraction of the muscles of facial expression. This leads to the compression of skin, which results in wrinkle formation. Initially, these wrinkles can only be seen when the muscles contract e.g when you smile or frown; however, as the skin becomes progressively creased, the lines may often appear at rest. Non-surgical wrinkle reduction treatments can help reduce expression lines.
  • Loss of facial volume – Fat around the eyes, cheeks, and forehead are depleted. This loss of volume leads to some laxity of skin and the formation of wrinkles. Loss of facial volume also results in an older, more gaunt appearance. Non-surgical facial reshaping and revolumisation can help to replace this lost volume – improving both wrinkles and the overall youthfulness of the face.
  • Gravity – The inescapable pull of gravity draws the skin downwards on the face. This leads to drooping cheeks and the formation of nasolabial lines (the lines from the corners of the mouth to the nose) and jowls, drooping of the eye skin and formation of upper and lower lid laxity and wrinkles.
  • Sleep lines – This is caused by the compression of the skin from contact of the pillow to the face when sleeping. Pillow contact puts pressure on these attachments and causes sleep lines. Sleep lines include those on the forehead, around the eyes, cheeks and upper lip.
  • Smoking – Smoking can speed up the skin’s ageing process, and contribute to reducing the production of new collagen. The lack of new collagen results in wrinkles and other changes to the facial appearance, including fine lines between the eyebrows, deep creases and crow’s feet.

How can wrinkles be treated?

Taking precautionary measures can help reduce the appearance of premature lines and wrinkles.

By wearing a good sunscreen everyday, it protects against UV radiation and can reduce further premature damage to the skin. In conjunction with a good sunscreen, wrinkles can be treated by regularly using skin care products containing Retinol or Glycolic Acid, to regain smoother looking skin.  Products such as Aspect Retinol Brulee and  Mesoestetic Glycolic Acid Ampoules work to remove the top layer of the skin, and helps smooth and reduce deeper wrinkles, firm skin texture and restores skin elasticity.

If there is significant damage, there are several non-surgical and surgical wrinkle treatments available to assist with smoothing wrinkles, or making them less noticeable. A combination of treatments may be required to treat wrinkles in all layers of the skin. 

Medical consultations are available to discuss your wrinkle treatment options.

Wrinkle reduction treatments

Non-surgical and surgical treatments are available for the reduction of face wrinkles.

Non-surgical wrinkle procedures

Expression lines are generally treated with non-surgical wrinkle prevention treatments, with the most common area for expression lines being between the brows and around the eyes. Treating dynamic expression lines can also prevent static lines from becoming deeper by reducing the compression of the skin. If static lines or lines at rest are already present, then regular wrinkle prevention treatments may improve fine static lines over time.

Chemical peels, especially peels containing retinoic acid, can be beneficial to include in non-surgical wrinkle treatment programs.

Surgical procedures for wrinkles

Wrinkles that are deeply etched into the skin, along with skin textural irregularities, can be effectively addressed through a procedure known as skin resurfacing. This procedure involves the removal of the outer layers of the skin, stimulating collagen production and promoting the growth of new, smoother skin cells. One common method of skin resurfacing is laser therapy, with options such as the Lumenis Ultrapulse fractional carbon dioxide laser being particularly effective.

Laser resurfacing works by delivering targeted beams of light energy to the skin, precisely vaporizing damaged skin cells and triggering the body’s natural healing response. This process helps to smooth out wrinkles, reduce the appearance of scars, and improve overall skin texture and tone.

While laser resurfacing techniques significantly improve the skin’s appearance, it’s important to note that they often require a longer period of downtime or recovery. Patients will experience redness, swelling, and mild discomfort following the procedure, and it may take several weeks for the skin to heal and reveal the final results.

It’s also essential to manage expectations regarding laser resurfacing treatments’ outcomes. Results can vary depending on factors such as the depth and severity of the wrinkles, the specific treatment technique used, and the individual’s skin type and condition. Additionally, the natural ageing process of the skin will continue over time, meaning that some clients may require repeat treatments to maintain the benefits of laser resurfacing.

Overall, laser skin resurfacing can be a highly effective option for addressing wrinkles and skin texture irregularities, but it’s essential to consult with a qualified medical practitioner to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your specific needs and goals. Additionally, proper skin care and sun protection are essential for maintaining the results of laser resurfacing treatments over the long term.


Who is the best candidate for wrinkle treatments?

The ideal candidate for wrinkle treatments are those with one or more of the following concerns:

  • Lines or wrinkles under or around the eye, forehead, or mouth areas
  • Smoker lines around the mouth
  • Frown lines
  • Forehead lines
  • Sunken cheeks
  • Droopy, tired eyes
  • Droopy mouth

Medical consultations are provided to discuss your options for wrinkle treatment. 

How can I remove wrinkles from my face?

Reducing wrinkles is possible, but completely removing them can make the skin look unnatural. There are many ways to reduce wrinkles and prevent early skin ageing, such as regularly using sunscreen and cosmeceuticals.

Are wrinkle treatments permanent?

Ageing is a natural process. The wrinkle treatments can help diminish the appearance of wrinkles; however, the effects of the treatment are not permanent. The effect of the treatments will depend on the client, the type of treatment, the treatment area, and the number of treatments, as some require regular maintenance to ensure efficacy.

What are the side effects of wrinkle treatments?

As with any procedure, both non-surgical and surgical, there are some side effects of wrinkle treatments that you should be aware of. The side effects and risks will vary depending on which wrinkle treatments are provided, however a general overall of possible side effects include:

  • Burns or scarring
  • Changes in skin pigmentation
  • Bacterial infection
  • Redness
  • Mild swelling
  • Bruising

Depending on the treatment, most side effects resolve themselves within a few hours to days. Please consult your provider immediately if there is any progressive redness or pain.

Why choose Victorian Cosmetic Institute to provide your wrinkle treatments?

The doctors at Victorian Cosmetic Institute are trained in all areas of non-surgical skin rejuvenation. We will listen to your concerns and help you decide what treatments suit you, considering your goals and the amount of downtime or recovery that can be tolerated. We will discuss with you what is a realistic and achievable outcome and what to expect from your treatment.

For your initial medical consultation you can book online or phone us directly on 1300 863 824.